The following instructions are for placing stones in any natural pond:

1. Once the flexible or rigid liner or concrete pool is in place, the aesthetic work of
placing river stone begins. This will rarely look absolutely natural but it can look
really quite good if the right stone are used and some sensitivity employed in their

2. The stones in the pond should be stones which are water worn, smooth with rounded edges, referred to as ‘river rock’ or ‘river flats’ or ‘river rounds’. The stones outside do not need to be water worn but should not be too dissimilar from the river rocks.

3. Use larger stones against the vertical surfaces, smaller stone and river pebbles on the horizontal surface. Try not to stack them, but place them so the larger are on the bottom, naturally supporting smaller stone above. The combination of these varying sizes, along with the water and margin plants, will help give a natural, pleasing look.

4. Be sure to cover all unnatural elements, such as the cords, water lines, pump and filter with the stones. Be sure, however, that you have left enough hose and
electric line with the pump and filter and that they are placed so they can be lifted
from the pond for cleaning.

5. If you don’t want to see plastic or clay pots in your pond, you can build planters with the river stones, cementing them together in pleasing shapes. These will blend into the pond bottom and sides. If you build them at different elevations they will provide excellent, permanent planting places for all your aquatics.

6. Once the inside of the pond has been stoned you can make the outside of the pond look good with stone too, but try to avoid the necklace of stones around the perimeter of the pond. If at all possible, extend the stone work to surrounding areas and build in planting pockets.